Dictionary U





Inner, Inside



He graduated from San Jose State University in 1947, he has remained a fixture in the both the San Jose and international JUDO communities for more than 60 years. After graduation, he continued to coach at San Jose and organized the first Collegiate JUDO National Championships in 1962 – two years before being named as the head coach of the first U.S. Olympic JUDO Team in 1964. Most recently, he was the president of USA JUDO from 1996-2000 and remains the head coach of the USA JUDO National Training Site at San Jose State University. In 1986, he receiv ed in Japan – the highest honors – the Order of the Sacred Treasure with Golden Rays by Emperor of Japan.



UCHI KOMI (Repetition training, form practice)

It is a method of developing proper form by repeat the application of a technique many times. It is usually done with a partner who retains his/her position as you practice moving in and out, applying a technique. At first the form is practiced without actually throwing the partner. Next one should attempt to throw the partner on every tenth try. By working assiduously, one will become so proficient that one will not have to think of form, and will be able to apply automatically the correct technique for any opening


UCHI-MAKIKOMI (Inner wrap-around)

A sacrifice. This throw looks very similar to IPPON-SEOI-NAGE but it is finished off with a sacrifice winding (MAKIKOMI) action which in turn can make it look similar to YOKO-WAKARE.


UCHIMATA (Inner thigh reaping throw)

A foot technique throw. 9th technique of NAGE NO KATA. It is one of the few throws in this group in which UKE is thrown to his/her front and not backwards. The success of this move depends on placing your thigh as far in as possible between the UKE’s thighs and lifting him off the ground, throwing him down with the power of your hands, hip, and thigh if the UKE stands in the natural position, he will be difficult to throw, his/her legs, therefore, should be made to spread apart, or his weight should be made to rest on one leg. There are two main styles of this throw: Ouchimata, the deep turn, and Kouchimata, the straight leg sweep. In Ouchimata, contact is made by TORI with the back of his/her thigh, in Kouchimata with the outside of the thigh. To get a strong sweep in Kouchimata, the working leg should be kept as straight as possible, with the toes pointed. It is a perfect throw for a small man to attempt this throw on a bigger opponent – but then there is always the odd exception, one of the delightful surprises in JUDO competition.


STATISTICS uchimata is the most successful technique in all 797 fights (69 %) of the

                         World Championships. 1999 (Men)


Favourite Technique of Anton GEESINK Olympic Champion twice World Champion
                                          Neil Adams World and European Champion
                                          Yasuhiro Yamashita Olympic and twice World Champion
                                          Sumio Endo twice World Champion
                                         James BREGMAN Olympic Bronze Medalist
                                         Pat Burris, Olympian, Unites States Lightweight Champion


Combination techniques:     OUCHIGARI




Counter techniques             SUKUI NAGE







Sugai Hitoshi, “Uchimata (judo masterclass techniques)”, London, United Kingdom, Ippon Books, 1991, 112p, ISBN 0951845519.


UCHI MATA MAKI KOMI (Inner thigh wrap-around throw)

A sacrifice. From an UCHIMATA, release your right grip and twist to your left, wrapping your UKE around you.


UCHI MATA GAESHI (Inner thigh reaping throw counter)

A foot technique throw. When your UKE moves in for an UCHI MATA, hook your left leg around his/her left leg and reap it to your right.


UCHI MATA SUKASHI (Inner thigh reaping throw slip)

A hand technique throw. As your UKE moves in for a right UCHIMATA, slip past his/her reaping leg and use his/her momentum to throw him forward. Katsuhiko Kashiwazaki (1951- ) Japanese fighter twice World Champion won his second world title (1981, Maastricht) with a remarkable UCHIMATA SUKASHI.


UDE-GARAMI (Entangled arm lock)

An armlock. Taking your UKE’s wrist in your left hand, you put your right forearm underneath his/her left upper arm and grab your own left wrist, then lock his elbow joint by pressing against his/her upper arm with your fight forearm. Also known as MUNE-GARAMI.


UDE-GATAME (Arm lock)




A lock. With UKE face down and you to one side, catch UKE’s forearm with your leg. Straightten or bend the arm to lock the elbow.


UDE-HISHIGI-BETSU-GATAME (Variation of the armlock)




A lock. Grip one of your UKE’s wrists from the side using either left or right hand. Then use your stomach or chest to apply pressure to his elbow. Lock the elbow by straightening, twisting or bending the arm.



A lock. Hold UKE’s right wrist in your left armpit and press down on his/her elbow from the outside with your left knee.


UDE HISHIGI(lit.Elbow Crush)

A joint-lock in which UKE`s arm is placed in one`s armpit and pressure is applied to his/her elbow



A lock. While holding your Uke’s right wrist with both hands, your trop his/her right arm between your thighs and bend it back toward the elbow on the little finger side.This is probably the most popular arm-lock. It can be attempted on the completion of a throw. A throw may not have scored IPPON, TORI can ensure success by following through into this position.




A lock. From UKE’s front, rear, or side, wrap your right leg over his/her shoulder and across his/her neck, and your left leg under his/her right armpit, hooking one of your feet under the other leg in a triangular formation. At the same time, use one or both hands to extend and control his/her elbow joint.






A lock. This immobilization, the arm-crush arm locks is classified as a joint-locking technique KANSETSU WAZA. For practical training purposes, its name is usually shortened to arm armlock UDE-GATAME. You pull UKE’s left wrist against your right shoulder, place your hands or right forearm above the elbow of his/her outstretched arm, and press it down toward your body, bringing pressure to bear on his/her left elbow.



A lock. From the side, get a grip on one of UKE’s wrists with both hands and hold his/her arm in your armpit. Stretch his/her elbow and lock the straightened arm. (See IJF CONTEST RULES Article 27/b/31)


UKE (“receiver”; The thrown)

The person who receives a technique during repetition (UCHIKOMI) or controlled (YAKUSOKU) practice.


UKERU (To receive)


UKEMI (Breakfall)

Ukemi (Break fall) techniques are used to soften the landing impact after being thrown

There are four kinds of UKEMI: USHIRO UKEMI (falling backward), YOKO UKEMI (falling forward), and MAE-MAWARI UKEMI (tumbling forward).


UKI-GATAME (Floating hold)

A hold-down. When your supine UKE attempts to prevent your JUJI-GATAME (cross armlock) by locking his/her arms together, remove your leg nearest his/her head and bend it behind your then use both legs as if applying KESA GATAME and raise your upper body to face UKE. Or place your left leg across UKE’s neck and under his/her arm while you hold his/her right arm.


UKI-GOSHI (Floating hip throw)

A hip technique throw. 4th technique of NAGE NO KATA. Aftrer breaking your UKE’s balance to his/her right front corner your load him on your hip and throw him/her by twisting your hip to the left. Wrap your arm as far as possible around his/her body. The throw differs from O-GOSHI in that you do not raise your hips or bend forward.It came from the old YOROI KUMI UCHI, by which armor clad warriors grappled in battlefield combat. This technique was one of the favourite techniques (TOKUI WAZA) of the founder of JUDO, Jigoro KANO, who did it left.


  • ·         Combination Techniques: àKOUCHI GARI

                                                               àOUCHI GARI


  • ·         Counter Techniques:         àUSHIRO GOSHI

                                                               àTE GURUMA
                                                               àUTSURI GOSHI
                                                               àTANI OTOSHI


UKI OTOSHI (Floating drop)

A hand technique throw.1st technique of NAGE NO KATA.You break UKE’s balance to his/her right front corner and pull him downward with both hands causing him to fall forward in a circle. Pull hard using the combined power of both arms. This from of the throw is done in the throwing KATA (NAGE-NO-KATA and is often the more effective of the two.This technique remains unchanged from the form finally adopted by Jigoro KANO. Early form came from JU JUTSU.


UKI WAZA (Floating throw)

A sacrifice.This technique is the last one in the NAGE-NO-KATA where it is done against an opponent in a deep crouch. Having broken your UKE’s balance to his/her right front corner your block his/her right foot with your left foot and throw him over you by falling on your left side. This throw is almost never seen in contests these days and is very difficult to do against an experienced opponent.



The United States Judo Federation is a non-profit corporation dedicated to promoting judo in the United States. Its national office is located in Ontario, Oregon. In 2007 it will sanction competitions and tournaments in at least nine different states.In contrast with USA Judo, Inc. (the USJI), which focuses on elite athletes and American participation in Olympic and international tournaments, USJF's focus is on "grassroots" judo.

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Masato Tamura (1958-1960)

Yoshihiro Uchida (1960-1962)

Kenzo Uyeno (1962-1964)

Hiro Fujimoto (1964-1968)

Dr. Eichi K. Koiwai (1968-1978)

Wey Seng Kim (1978-1982)

Yoshihiro Uchida (1982-1988)

Yoshisada Yonezuka (1988-1992)

Robert C. Brink, Esq. (1992-1996)

Mitchell T. Palacio (1996- 2000)

Noboru Saito 2000- till present


URA (Opposite, reverse)


URA GATAME (Back pin)

A hold down. Placing your back toward your prone UKE so that you are facing up towards the ceiling, wrap your right arm around UKE’s neck and your left arm around one or both of UKE’s legs and press him/her down with your back. It is not recognized as a valid hol


URA-KESA-GATAME (Rear scarf hold)

Original name of KESA-GATAME


URA NAGE (Back throw)

A sacrifice. 11th technique of NAGE NO KATA. This throw, the rear throw is classified as back sacrifice technique (MASUTEMI WAZA)This is used either as a counter-technique or as a direct throw.

You put both arms around your UKE from his/her right side (or from behind ) lift him/her up and throw him/her back over your left shoulder as you sacrifice yourself by falling backward This throw is like YOKOGURUMA, in that TORI uses it as a counter-technique. The fall from this throw is very heavy and should never be attempted on the inexperienced. This is a technique that has been used with great effect in first class competition by Russian judo fighters.


URA-TORI (Counter techniques)

They are used to counter an opponent's Waza, whereby he is toppled instead of you. More than a defensive maneuver, an Uratori (Counter techniques) is a technique that turns an urgent situation into an opportunity.
For example, if UKE (Player receiving opponent's attack) attacks with an OSOTO-GARI (Largeouter reap), Tori (Player executing technique) can step back with one leg and back
away from Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack). TORI (Player executing technique) then shifts his center of gravity to that back leg (now his support leg) and twists his body to destabilize UKE (Player receiving opponent's attack) in the backward direction, and then executes his own OSOTO-GARI (Large outer reap)
Uratori (Counter techniques) allows a combatant to execute a counter maneuver at the instant he is attacked, and is one of the more interesting aspects of Judo.



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Hold from behind



Collar hold from behind


USHIRO GERI (Rear kick)

Kicking technique in SEIRYOKU ZEN’YO KOKUMIN TAIIKU NO KATA. Kicking techniques are never used in competition. They are usually practiced in KATA form.


USHIRO ­GOSHI (Back hip throw)

Ushiro-goshi is used to counter a hip throw, and is best attempted when UKE has attempted a loin or hip technique. Putting your arms around your UKE’s from behind your lean backward, swing him/her up in the air, and drip him/her on his/her back. Some competitors lift and bend the left knee, using the left leg to help to lift UKE high into the air. In this way, UKE’s legs are swept up, and he/she is upended completely.


USHIRO-JIME (Choke from behind)

A strangulation technique in KODOKAN GOSHIN JUTSU.





USHIRO KESA GATAME (Reverse scarf hold)

A hold-down. A hold similar to Kesa gatame (Scarf hold), but performed facing towards uke’s legs instead of towards his/her head. Classified by KODOKAN as KUZURE-KESA-GATAME.


USHIRO-TSUKI (Back blow)

Striking technique in ATEMI WAZA.


USHIRO UCHI (Rear blow)



USHIRO UKEMI (Rear breakfall)

Breakfall taken to protect the body when thrown to the rear.


UTSURI GOSHI (Hip shift)

A hip technique throw. This throw is a GO NO SEN NO WAZA a counter throw. It is used to counter an UKE’s hip technique. The first part is exactly the same as USHIROGOSHI, but on bouncing UKE up into the air with the part of his left hip TORI then swings his left hip across while UKE is in the air and catches him/her on the side of his left hip as UKE descends. At the same time TORI seizes UKI’s body around the waist and then throws UKE with what is now in effect a left OGOSHI..