柔道 百科事典 - Judo Encyclopedia
by Thomas M. Plavecz (judo:1973-2018)
Hungary - Austria - Germany
“Budo begins and ends with a bow.”
The original Japanese is 礼に始まり礼に終わる (Rei ni hajimari rei ni owaru).
"Kano's child, born in a temple and raised on a rice mat, had now grown into a healthy youth and in the company of its proud parent, was about to begin its travels around the world"
Mark Law The Pyjama Game P. 38
Olympic Games and Japan
Under the leadership of Baron Pierre Coubertin, the first modern Olympics were held in Athens in 1896. They were very much a European and American affair, but Coubertin wanted the world.
By 1909, Kano had already become an international figure: he had done almost as much to bring western sport to Japan
as he had in taking judo to the west. He was an obvious choice to become the first Asian representative on the International Olympic Commitee (IOC). Kano, ever the internationalist, accepted and become an enthusiastic member, bringing Japan into the competition for the first time at Stockholm in 1912 and, more significantly, bidding to host the 1964 Olympics.
Mark Law The Pyjama Game P. 53
"While the old form, jujutsu was studied solely for fighting purposes, Kano's new system is found to promote the mental as well as the physical faculties. While the old schools taught nothing but practice, the modern judo gives the theoretical explanation of the doctrine, at the same time giving the practical a no less important place.
T. Shidachi, 1892
1892 lecture on Judo by Mr. Shidachi, London
On Judo and its Lifelong Pursuit
God of judo! Kyuzo Mifune (三船 久蔵) Mifune Kyuzo
MIFUNE, KYUZO (1883-1965) Kodokan 10th Dan by T. Plavecz
He joined the KODOKAN in 1903 and remained a member until his death. When he came to Tokyo to attend Waseda University, and became the close disciple of Jigoro KANO, the father of JUDO. After 15 months, he achieved Sho DAN (1st Degree) in KODOKAN JUDO, and after the remarkably short time of four more months, Ni DAN (2nd Degree). Though timing and speed, Mifune quickly gained a reputation, and was never defeated. By 1912, he was a Rokyu DAN (6th Degree) and an instructor at a number of universities, high schools, and junior high schools. In 1945, he was elevated to Ju DAN (10th), the fourth of seven men to ever be so honored. After developing many new JUDO techniques and variations, he came to be known as the “God of JUDO”. In 1956, he wrote his classic book, Canon of JUDO, still a remarkable exposition of JUDO history, philosophy, and technical description. His influence on post-war JUDO cannot be underestimated. His skill was perhaps the most elegant ever seen at the KODOKAN. He passed away in 1965 at the age of eighty-two. At his hometown, Kuji, a Memorial Gymnasium was erected in his honor, called the Mifune ju DAN.
- Mifune, Kyuzo (1883 - 1965), " Canon of Judo : Classical teachings of Principles and techniques ", Tokyo, Japan, Kodansha International, 2004, 224p, 27 cm, BLC, ISBN 4770029799.
Mifune, Kyuzo (1883 - 1965) : Sugai, K., " Canon of Judo : Principle and technique ", Tokyo, Japan, Seibundo-Shinkosha Publishing, Kodansha International, 1956, 245p, 17 cm, BJ.
THE ETHOS OF JUDO
‘The purpose of judo is to perfect oneself physically, intellectually and morally for the benefit of society.’
Professor Jigoro Kano (1860-1938)
(The Father of Judo, Kodansha International, 2000)
(IL Padre Del Judo, Edizioni Mediterranee, 2005)
(Judo Memoirs of Jigoro Kano, Trafford Publishing, 2008, 2014)
(Memorias de Jigoro Kano, Editora Cultrix, 2011)
Kano Jigoro Memorial (1860-1938)
Masahiko Kimura Great Judo Fighter
KIMURA MASAHIKO (木村 政彦 (1917-1993) By T. Plavecz
He, judo 7th dan obtained at age 29, is undoubtedly the greatest Judoka to ever live. He stood 5'6" (170 cm) tall and weighed 185 pounds (84kg). He trained in the Kodokan school run by Jigoro Kano, turning out to be a promising rookie and gaining sound accomplishments for his age, among them three all Japan championships. A crazy training fanatic, he swore not being defeated ever, and also trained in karate with Gichin Funakoshi and Mas Oyama to round his skills At the age of 20, he won the ALL-JAPAN JUDO CHAMPIONSHIPS for the first time. He was only 5’7”, but his favourite technique was OSOTO-GARI with combination of OUCHI-GARI, and strong NEWAZA. He also used IPPON-SEOI-NAGE and UCHIMATA. He won the ALL –JAPAN CHAMPIONSHIPS in 1937, 1938 and 1939. His training methods were extreme. Before he went to sleep that night he did 500 press-ups, 1 km of bunny hops, and 500 makiwara strikes. He learned Shotokan and Goju-ryu karate. In 1949, he reached the final of the ALL-JAPAN JUDO CHAMPIONSHIPS. He faced Takahiko Ishikawa and fought one of the hardest matches of his life. It was declared a draw after two periods of extra time. At the age of 40, he was still fighting professionally and remained outside the central JUDO environment, because professional JUDO was against KANO’s ethics. He won all his fights – but faded, and he started another professional fighting career abroad.
Chen, Jim. (1997). Mashahiko Kimura, the man who defeated Helio Gracie, http:// www.judoinfo.com/kimura.htm
Ungvari JUDO Brothers - Hungary - Cegléd
Miklos (1980 - ) - Attila (1988) - Zoltan (1987 -)
Miklos Ungvari - Friend of T. Plavecz
He(born 15 October 1980) is a Hungarian half-lightweight judoka who held the European title in 2002, 2009 and 2011. He competed at the 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 Olympics and won a silver medal in 2012, placing fifth in 2016.
Ungvári took up judo aged nine, and in October 2009 was named Judoka of the Week by the European Judo Federation. Besides judo he competed in equestrian show jumping and was a co-driver for the Sandlander team at the 2014 Dakar Rally. His brother also competes internationally in judo.
- Hungarian Judoka of the Year: 2002, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012
- Knight's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (2012)
Attila Ungvari - Friend of T. Plavecz
Hungarian Judoka Attila Ungvari (1988- ) took the gold medal at the Grand Prix in Zagreb in 2017. He won silver at the Grand Prix in Düsseldorf and Grand Slam in Ekaterinburg as well a bronze medal at the Grand Prix in Cancun in 2017. He won a European Championships medal in 2010. He won the European U23 title in 2010 U73kg. Was finallist in the Grand Prix Ulaanbaatar in 2015. He is 8 years younger than his brother Miklos (1980-). He has 4 sisters and 4 brothers. He won the African Open in Casablanca in 2016. He lives in Cegléd, Hungary.
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