柔道 百科事典 -  Judo Encyclopedia


 by Thomas Plavecz (b. 1960)

                                                                        (started judo: 1972)

                                                                        (est. Judo Club, CVSE: 1976)



Hungary - Austria - Germany

 “Budo begins and ends with a bow.”


The original Japanese is 礼に始まり礼に終わる (Rei ni hajimari rei ni owaru).


"Kano's child, born in a temple and raised on a rice mat, had now grown into a healthy youth and in the company of its proud parent, was about to begin its travels around the world"    



                    Mark Law      The Pyjama Game   P. 38

Olympic Games and Japan


Under the leadership of Baron Pierre Coubertin, the first modern Olympics were held in Athens in 1896.  They were very much a European and American affair, but Coubertin wanted the world.

By 1909, Kano had already become an international figure: he had done almost as much to bring western sport to Japan

as he had in taking judo to the west. He was an obvious choice to become the first Asian representative on the International Olympic Commitee (IOC). Kano, ever the internationalist, accepted and become an enthusiastic member, bringing Japan into the competition for the first time at Stockholm in 1912 and, more significantly, bidding to host the 1964 Olympics.


Mark Law  The Pyjama Game  P. 53

"While the old form, jujutsu was studied solely for fighting purposes, Kano's new system is found to promote the mental as well as the physical faculties. While the old schools taught nothing but practice, the modern judo gives the theoretical explanation of the doctrine, at the same time giving the practical a no less important place.


                                T. Shidachi, 1892

1892 lecture on Judo by Mr. Shidachi, London



T. Plavecz and Ken Kaida  in Cegléd, Hungary

Sept. 2018


The Purpose of Judo Discipline
According to Jigoro Kano, the founder of Kodokan Judo:
  • "Judo is the way to the most effective use of both physical and spiritual strength. By training you in attacks and defenses it refines your body and soul and helps you make the spiritual essence of Judo a part of your very being. In this way you are able to perfect yourself and contribute something of value to the world. This is the final goal of Judo Discipline."

"Anyone who intends to follow the way of Judo must above all instill this teaching in his heart."
Judo in Action; Kazuzo Kudo, 9th Dan; Japan Publications Trading Company, Tokyo, Japan; January 1967

On Judo and the Changing Times

  • "As thoughts on any subject advance, there is the danger that people will tend to regard past ideas as no more than empty academic theory. Such an over-prejudiced attitude must not be condoned."
Tetsuya Sato and Isao Okano, Vital Judo, Japan Publications Inc., 1973

On the Value of Continuous Scholarly Study in Judo

  • "We live today and die tomorrow but the books we read tell us things of a thousand years."
Yamaga Sokō (September 21, 1622 - October 23, 1685) was a Japanese philosopher.

On Judo and its Lifelong Pursuit

  • "Judo is very deep. Even today I continue to study..."
Sensei Kinjho Masaharu, 8th Dan Kodokan

On Judo

God of judo! Kyuzo Mifune (三船 久蔵) Mifune Kyuzo

MIFUNE, KYUZO (1883-1965)  Kodokan 10th Dan        by T. Plavecz

He joined the KODOKAN in 1903 and remained a member until his death. When he came to Tokyo to attend Waseda University, and became the close disciple of Jigoro KANO, the father of JUDO. After 15 months, he achieved Sho DAN (1st Degree) in KODOKAN JUDO, and after the remarkably short time of four more months, Ni DAN (2nd Degree). Though timing and speed, Mifune quickly gained a reputation, and was never defeated. By 1912, he was a Rokyu DAN (6th Degree) and an instructor at a number of universities, high schools, and junior high schools. In 1945, he was elevated to Ju DAN (10th), the fourth of seven men to ever be so honored. After developing many new JUDO techniques and variations, he came to be known as the “God of JUDO”. In 1956, he wrote his classic book, Canon of JUDO, still a remarkable exposition of JUDO history, philosophy, and technical description. His influence on post-war JUDO cannot be underestimated. His skill was perhaps the most elegant ever seen at the KODOKAN. He passed away in 1965 at the age of eighty-two. At his hometown, Kuji, a Memorial Gymnasium was erected in his honor, called the Mifune ju DAN.

For Reading:

  1. Mifune, Kyuzo (1883 - 1965), " Canon of Judo : Classical teachings of Principles and techniques ", Tokyo, Japan, Kodansha International, 2004[2], 224p, 27 cm, BLC, ISBN 4770029799.

  2. Mifune, Kyuzo (1883 - 1965) : Sugai, K., " Canon of Judo : Principle and technique ", Tokyo, Japan, Seibundo-Shinkosha Publishing[1], Kodansha International[2], 1956[1], 245p, 17 cm, BJ.
  3. http://aikidoacademyusa.com/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=251
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyuzo_Mifune
  5. https://books.google.cz/books?id=BNcDAAAAMBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=cscs

‘The purpose of judo is to perfect oneself physically, intellectually and morally for the benefit of society.’
Professor Jigoro Kano (1860-1938)

(The Father of Judo, Kodansha International, 2000)
(IL Padre Del Judo, Edizioni Mediterranee, 2005)

(Judo Memoirs of Jigoro Kano, Trafford Publishing, 2008, 2014)
(Memorias de Jigoro Kano, Editora Cultrix, 2011)

Kano Jigoro Memorial  (1860-1938)

seiryoku zenyou 

Masahiko Kimura Great Judo Fighter

KIMURA MASAHIKO  (木村 政彦  (1917-1993) By T. Plavecz


He, judo 7th dan obtained at age 29, is undoubtedly the greatest Judoka to ever live. He stood 5'6" (170 cm) tall and weighed 185 pounds (84kg).  He trained in the Kodokan school run by Jigoro Kano, turning out to be a promising rookie and gaining sound accomplishments for his age, among them three all Japan championships. A crazy training fanatic, he swore not being defeated ever, and also trained in karate with Gichin Funakoshi and Mas Oyama to round his skills At the age of 20, he won the ALL-JAPAN JUDO CHAMPIONSHIPS for the first time. He was only 5’7”, but his favourite technique was OSOTO-GARI with combination of OUCHI-GARI, and strong NEWAZA. He also used IPPON-SEOI-NAGE and UCHIMATA. He won the ALL –JAPAN CHAMPIONSHIPS in 1937, 1938 and 1939. His training methods were extreme. Before he went to sleep that night he did 500 press-ups, 1 km of bunny hops, and 500 makiwara strikes. He learned Shotokan and Goju-ryu karate. In 1949, he reached the final of the ALL-JAPAN JUDO CHAMPIONSHIPS. He faced Takahiko Ishikawa and fought one of the hardest matches of his life. It was declared a draw after two periods of extra time. At the age of 40, he was still fighting professionally and remained outside the central JUDO environment, because professional JUDO was against KANO’s ethics.  He won all his fights – but faded, and he started another professional fighting career abroad.



Chen, Jim. (1997). Mashahiko Kimura, the man who defeated Helio Gracie, http:// www.judoinfo.com/kimura.htm


Ungvari JUDO Brothers - Hungary - Cegléd

Miklos (1980 - ) - Attila (1988) - Zoltan (1987 -)

Miklos Ungvari - Friend of T. Plavecz

Ungvári - Ebinuma

He(born 15 October 1980) is a Hungarian half-lightweight judoka who held the European title in 2002, 2009 and 2011. He competed at the 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 Olympics and won a silver medal in 2012, placing fifth in 2016.[3]

  1. Ungvári took up judo aged nine, and in October 2009 was named Judoka of the Week by the European Judo Federation. Besides judo he competed in equestrian show jumping and was a co-driver for the Sandlander team at the 2014 Dakar Rally. His brother also competes internationally in judo.


Attila Ungvari -  Friend of T. Plavecz

Hungarian Judoka Attila Ungvari (1988- ) took the gold medal at the Grand Prix in Zagreb in 2017. He won silver at the Grand Prix in Düsseldorf and Grand Slam in Ekaterinburg as well a bronze medal at the Grand Prix in Cancun in 2017. He won a European Championships medal in 2010. He won the European U23 title in 2010 U73kg. Was finallist in the Grand Prix Ulaanbaatar in 2015. He is 8 years younger than his brother Miklos (1980-). He has 4 sisters and 4 brothers. He won the African Open in Casablanca in 2016. He lives in Cegléd, Hungary.