Dictionary I







IDAKI-SUTEMI (Hugging sacrifice)

Original name of URA-NAGE



A series of eight self-defense movements done a kneeling position ; techniques performed from seated or kneeling position within KIME no KATA.



KANO Jigoro ‘s second teacher of JU JUSU, ISO Masatomo took ill in 1881 and died. Later KANO met Iikubo, the master of KITO RYU JU JUTSU. Iikubo awarded KANO a licence of full transmission (menkyo kaiden) in 1883. In KANO’s time the KITO RYU focused primarily on throwing techniques (NAGE WAZA). Iikubo was already over fifty, he continued to train full time, and he was the most skilled martial artist under whom KANO ever trained. (In his memoirs KANO stated, ‘From Master FUKUDA, I learned what my life’s work would be: from Master MASAMOTO, I learned the subtle nature of KATA: and from Master Iikubo, I learned varied techniques and the importance of timing.


IIZUKA KUNISABURO (1875-1958) Kodokan 10th Dan

Entered the KODOKAN in 1891 and was graded 10th DAN on April 5, 1946. As a young man he was very keen to go abroad but in 1906 was asked to become JUDO instructor at Keio (the oldest private University in Japan) and he remained there for more than fifty years, devoting his whole life to the work. He was a member of both the KODOKAN Council and the DOJO Consultative Group



British JUDO coach
Roy Inman hold the grade of 8th Dan, and was the High Performance Judo Coach at the University between 1999 and 2006, before moving to the role of Judo Technical Director.

He was the British Judo Association National Coach for over 15 years, has coached at 3 Olympic Games, and his players have won 6 Olympic medals and 13 World Championships.

He is a director of the British Judo Association, was awarded the U.K. coach of the year in 1991, the O.B.E. from H.M. the Queen in 1992 and a Full Blue from the University of Bath in 2001.



It is a treatment for a man whose testicles have been kicked up into his pelvis, either by a throw such as UCHIMATA, OUCHI-GARI or TOMOE-NAGE.


INOKUMA ISAO(1938-2001)  

Japanese JUDO fighter.

In 1959 as a youngest JUDOKA to win the ALL JAPAN JUDO CHJAMPIONSHIPS at the age of 21. He uses SEOI-NAGE and TAI-OTOSHI upset KAMINAGA in 1959 but in the following two years finals he lost to KAMINAGA on both occasions. He regained the title in 1963 and at the 1964 Olympic Games he won the heavyweight gold medal, beating the Canadian, Rogers, in the final. In the 1965 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS he defeated the Russian Kibrotsashvili, for the open gold medal and his last major title. He

was a professor of physical education at Tokai University and an international referee.



In 1894 Baron Pierre de Coubertin reestablished an ancient Greek athletic festival known as the OLYMPIC GAMES. A friend of his the French ambassador in Tokyo paid visit KANO Jigoro His mission was to enlist KANO`s aid in an effort to elicit Japan`s participation in the forth-coming Olympic Games. KANO was a member of the I.O.C., and from 1932 until his death in 1938. KANO was a leader of Japan`s bid for the 1940 Olympic games.



One step.


IPPON (One; a piece)

An IPPON literally means “one point” and wins the match.An IPPON is awarded for a throw that lands the opponent largely on their back in a controlled manner with speed and force; for a mat hold of sufficient duration (25 seconds); or for opponent submission.During a JUDO contest, when this point is awarded, the referee raises his/her arm high in front of him/her. This time fight is over. (See . INTERNATIONAL JUDO FEDERATION CONTEST RULES, Article 20, and 8/1).



A contest in which victory is decided by a single full point.


IPPON MAKE (loss by ippon)

Losing a match by having your opponent score an IPPON.


IPPON SHOBU (ne point match)

Here victory is determined by the competitor who secures one point (IPPON). All championships favor this type of contest.


IPPON SEOI-NAGE (‘one-armed shoulder throw”)

A hand technique throw.It is of the one arm (IPPON) type, which displays the powerful effect made possible by unbalancing and livering UKE’s body high up and over the back and shoulder region of the TORI.It is a variation of SEOINAGE. Your left hand holds your opponent’s right inner sleeve. As you pivot, slip your right arm through his right armpit and grab the top of his sleeve or his right shoulder. And the execution of the technique is the same of SEOI-NAGE. Lot of championships have been won with the IPPON SEOINAGE. The list of famous users are Doug Nelson, United States Grand Champion and Olympian, Isao INOKUMA, twice All Japan Champion, World Champion and Olympic Gold Medalist Isao OKANO, the twice World Champion Sumio ENDO and, of course, the famous Masahiko KIMURA, the undefeated champion of Japan. In the GOKYO, IPPONSEOINAGE is grouped together with MOROTESEOINAGE under the heading SEOINAGE.


  • Combination Technique:    IPPON-SEOI-NAGE





  • Counter Technique:           OKURI-ERI-JIME




Handing treatment (part of resuscitation See KAPPO).


ISO MASAMOTO (1818-1881)

He was a master of the TENSHIN SHIN’YO RYU JU JUTSU school, and son of the school’s founder (Iso Mataemon d. 1862). Iso ran a training hall in Kanda, Tokyo. He was a small man only 5 feet tall but his arms and legs were as strong as steel. In 1879 KANO Jigoro entered the Masamoto Iso JUJUTSU school. Masamoto was 62 years old at the time, he no longer engaged in RANDORI but he was still a grand master of KATA. KANO later told his own students that Masamoto’s KATA were ‘the most beautiful I ever saw executed’. When Masamoto died (1881) KANO went to train with IIKUBO Tsunetoshi (1835 -89) of the KITO RYU.


ISOGAI, HAJIME (1871-1947)   Kodokan 10th Dan

Entered the KODOKAN in 1891 and practised assiduously under Jigoro KANO. In 1899, he was selected to go to the Butokukai in Kyoto where he worked for many years spreading JUDO and training new teachers. On December 22, 1937, he was awarded the grade of 10th DAN directly by Jigoro KANO (only a few months before Jigoro KANO died). At the age of 66, he was the fourth youngest person to attain 10th DAN. He is considered to be one of the great figures in Kansai JUDO (Kansai is the mid-western portion of Honshu, the main island of the Japanese group.) Isogai died on April 19, 1947.



KATA of the “Five Principles”


IWA –NAMI (       Wave on the Rocks) (Movement 21 in KOSHIKI-NO-KATA



The foundation of an International Judo Organization was proposed by JIGORO KANO in the thirties. They were dark times in Japan, however, as militarism was on the rise. KANO was attempting to get the OLYMPIC GAMES held in Tokyo in 1940 and this occupied his errorts which were successful. His untimely death in 1938 derailed his efforts to organize JUDO internationally, and Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 put a hall to any Japanese activity in international organizations. However, due to several reasons. It was not finalized until July, 1951, when the Congress of the EUROPEAN JUDO UNION established the IJF. In 1952, at the Congress of IJF in Switzerland, Mr. Risei KANO was appointed as President. IJF was composed of 13 member federations only from European countries.

The present (2005) IJF consists of 178 National Federations, grouped in 5 Continental Unions – EUROPEAN JUDO UNION 49, PanAmerican Judo Union 40, African JUDO Union 37, Judo Union of Asia 36, Oceania Judo Union. The first WORLD JUDO CHAMPIONSHIPS was held in May 1956 in Tokyo, with 31 participants from 21 countries. Thereafter the Champions was held once in two or three years, and later-on every two years. JUDO, a sport in the OLYMPIC GAMES was admitted as an official sport for the Summer Games at the 57th IJF Session held in August 1960 in Rome. The first JUDO matches in the history of the OLYMPIC GAMES were held at the 18th Tokyo OPYMPIC GAMES in 1964.


IJF Presidents

Aldo Tordi, Italy     1951-1952

Risei Kano, Japan   1952-1965

Charles PALMER

Great Britain           1965-1979


Matsumae, Japan   1979-1987

Sarkis Kaloghian

Argentina              1987-1989

Laurie Hargrave

New Zeland           1989-1991

Louis Baguena

Salvador, Spain       1991-1995

Yong Sung Park,

Korea                     1995 -2007

Mr Marius L.

Vizer, Austria         2008- till Present



ITSUTSU NO KATA (The five Forms)

The Itsutsu no Kata, or KATA of the 5 Principles, is the first of the superior KATAs. It represented for KANO Jigoro, who created it, the „heart” even of JUDO.

It constitutes the syntesis of all the fundamental forms of TAI-SABAKI. But beyond this appearance the Itsutsu no Kata is meant to illustrate the correspondence, the communion of these basic forms of JUDO with the great cosmic principles of harmony and universal stability in their continuity and their cyclic alternation.


  1. Principle of concentration of energy and of action (direct push).
  2. Cyclic principle of the circle or of the whirlwind (centripetal and centrifugal forces).
  3. Principle of alternation of the pendulum (flux and reflux).


IWA-NAMI (Wave on the rocks)

A throwing technique in KOSHIKI NO KATA