WAKI GATAME (Armpit lock)
A lock from UKE’s right side use both hands to grip his/her right wrist and pin his/her arm under your armpit then control it by applying pressure against his/her elbow joint.
WAKI OTOSHI (Armpit drop)
Having caught hold of the UKE’s right sleeve with his/her left hand the TORI turns as if to make IPPON-SEOI-NAGE but inserts his/her right leg right behind the UKE’s two legs and drops to the ground.
This throw is sometimes called SUKUI-NAGE.
All JUDO techniques fall into one of the three categories, and each category is further subdivided. The three categories are: NAGE-WAZA (Throwing techniques), KATAME-WAZA /Grappling techniques/ (it comprise OSAE-KOMI-WAZA, SHIME-WAZA and KANSETSU-WAZA) and ATEMI-WAZA /Striking techniques/ it includes the methods of striking (kicking) the opponent’sbody. Only the theory of this technique is studied, as it is never practiced today.
NAGE-WAZA comprises TACHI-WAZA (Standing techniques) and SUTEMI-WAZA (Sacrifice techniques). The action of the hips is important in any TACHI-WAZA, but they are further classified as either TE-WAZA (Hand techniques), KOSHI-WAZA (Hip techniques) or ASHI-WAZA (Foot or leg techniques) depending on which part of the body plays the central role in executing the techniques. SUTEMI-WAZA are called MA-SUTEMI-WAZA (Supine sacrifice techniques) or YOKO-SUTEMI-WAZA (Side sacrifice techniques). The former involve taking a back-on-the-mat position, the latter a side-on-the-mat position.
99 Techniques of Judo (accepted by IJF)
1.Janicot, Didier: Pouillart, Gilbert, “Judo: techniques and tactics”, New York, USA, Sterling, 1997, 104p, ISBN 0806919701
2.Mifune Kyuzo, “Canon of Judo Classical teaching of Principles and techniques.” Tokyo, Japan, Kodansha International, 2004, 224p, ISBN 4770029799.
3.Hoare, Sydney R., “The A to Z of Judo”, London, United Kingdom, Ippon Books, 1994, 192p, ISBN 1874572704.
WAZARI (“technique exist”; near-ippon)
A WAZARI is awarded for a throw that does not quite have enough power or control to be considered IPPON; or for a hold of twenty seconds. A WAZARI is a half point, and, if two are scored, they constitute the full point needed for a win. A Referee term used to imply that some technique exists but not to the extend of warranting a full point or IPPON. (See Sec.INTERNATIONAL JUDO FEDERATION CONTEST RULES, Article 23 and 8/2).
WAZA-ARI AWASETE IPPON
Two waza-ari equal one ippon.Verbal command used by Referee to indicate completion of scoring one point by adding incomplete techniques. (See Sec INTERNATIONAL JUDO FEDERATION CONTEST RULES, 21 and 8/3)
WORLD judo CHAMPIONSHIPS (for man)
Created in 1956 in Japan, 21 countries took part. There after, the championships was held once in two or three years, and later on every two years. The first 3 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS were on pen weight only and therefore there was only winner. The next championship was held in 1987 when the categories had increased to five weights plus the open. Today competitions are held in 7 categories each for men and women. (See Sec. World championships)
Most world titles
Naoya Ogawa (Japan) /3 in the Open category, 1 at +95 kg/
Shozo Fuji (Japan) /3 at -80 kg, 1 at -78 kg/
Yasuhiro Yamashita (Japan): /3 at +95, 1 in the Open category/
David Douillet: (France) /3 at +95 kg, 1 in the Open category/
1981 Neil Adams -78kg
1999 Graeme Randall -81kg
VISUALLY IMPARIED WORLD CHAMPIONS
Simon Jackson -78kg
Ian Rose -86kg
1998 Simon Jackson -81kg
World Championship Medallists from USA
1965 Bronze Jim Bregman -80 kg
1980 Bronze B. Fest (Open)
1983 Bronze Robert Berland -86 kg
1985 Silver Mike Swain -71 kg
1987 Bronze Kevin Asano -60 kg
KURIHARA Tamio: Wilson, Haward,” Championship judo: origin and delopment, terchniques, training, self-defence”, London, United Kingdom, Arthur Barker, 1966, 120p
Yeoh, Oon Oon, “Great Judo championships of the world”, London, United Kingdom, Ippon, 1993, 240p, ISBN 1874572208.
WORLD judo CHAMPIONSHIPS (for women)
The 1st women’s World Judo Championships held in New York in 1980. The women’s World Judo Championships have been held regularly even two years, and after the 4th championships (in 1986) have been organized at the same time as the men’s World Championships. (See Sec. World Championships)
Most World Titles
Ryoko Tamura: (Japan) 7 titles (all at -48 kg)
Ingrid Berghmans: (Belgium) 6 titles (4 in the Open category, 2 at +72 kg)
Kyu Sun-Hui: (South Korea) 4 titles (1 at-52 kg, 3 at -57 kg)
Fenglian Gao: (China) 4 titles (3 at +72 kg, 1 in the Open category)
Karen Briggs: (United Kingdom) 4 titles (all at -48 kg)
Noriko Anno: (Japan) 4 titles (1 at-72 kg, 3 at +78 kg)
1980 Jane Bridge -48kg
1982 Karen Briggs -48kg
Loretta Doyle -52kg
1984 Karen Briggs -48kg
1986 Karen Briggs -48kg
Ann Hughes -56kg
Diane Bell -61kg
1987 Sharon Rendle -52kg
Diane Bell -61kg
1989 Karen Briggs -48kg
Sharon Rendle -52kg
1993 Nicola Fairbrother -56kg
1997 Kate Howey -66kg
VISUALLY IMPARIED WORLD CHAMPIONS
1995 Anita Hall -56kg
They were introduced for the OLYMPIC GAMES in 1964. Until then World Championships were open to all weights in one category, but starting with the Tokyo Olympics 3 weight categories (-68kg, -80kg, +80kg) were introduced in addition to the open category The categories (classes) were expanded to 6 for the 1972 Olympics, and 8 for the 1980 Olympics. In 1992 the open weight category was dropped from the Olympics so there are currently 7 weight categories for both men and women in the Olympics. In 1998 the weight classes were changed to the following: female categories are: up to 48kg, 52kg, 57kg 63kg 70kg, 78kg, and above 78kg ; male categories are: up to 60kg, 66kg, 73kg, 81kg, 90kg, 100kg, and above 100kg. Until the 1984 D.G in Los Angeles (inclusive) there was an 8th, all-weight category. The one also 5 team categories: up to 52kg, 57kg, 63kg, 70kg and above 70kg (women) and up to 66kg, 73kg, 81kg, 90kg, and above 90kg (men).
Glass, George, “Competitive Judo: Throwing Techniques and weight control, London, United Kingdom, Faber and Faber, 1977, 93p.