EBI-GARAMI (lobster entanglement)
Classified by KODOKAN as HADAKAJIME. Also known as Kubi-Jime.
EDO (lit. “Rivergate”)
Old name for the city of Tokyo, in use from 1180 to 1868.
EDO JIDAI (Edo-period)
Artistic and historical period corresponding to the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868). Also called Kinsei (pre-modern) and Tokugawa jidai.
In February of 1882, KANO Jigoro, 23 year old literature teacher freshly graduated from the Tokyo Imperial University took nine of his private students and set up his own training hall at Eishoji Temple in Inari-machi, Shitaya, and Tokyo. KITO RYU master IIKUBO Tsunetoshi (1835-89) often came to help KANO to instruct. This time the training was still more JU JUTSU than JUDO. After KANO opened his new school, he named his style KODOKAN, ‘Institute for study of the way.’ KANO felt a natural fusion between his Japanese old culture, Chinese philosophy, and Western sport theory.
ENDO, SUMIO (1950- )
Japanese heavyweight JUDO champion, winner of the 1975 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS. Winner of the 1974 and 1976 All Japan JUDO Championships, he was also a bronze medalist at the 1976 Montreal Olympics A former All Japan College Champion as well, Endo is famous for his seolnage, but is also respected for such moves as KOSOTOGARI, OSOTOGARI, and UCHIMATA.
ERI KATSU (“lapel” method resuscitation)
ERI-SEOI-NAGE (collar shoulder throw)
A strangulation technique that uses the lapels of JUDOGI to choke the opponent (See RYOTE-JIME)
EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIPS (for men)
The first official European Championship took place in 1951 in Paris. KODOKAN President Risei KANO ( 1900-1986) ) led a large Japanese delegation that included All Japan JUDO Champion Toshiro DAIGO. JUDOmen from France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Britain, Italy, Germany, and Austria fought in front of 13,000 spectators for team and individual titles. It had no weights but the competitors were segregated according to grade- brown belt, 1st DAN, 2nd DAN, and 3rd DAN, and plus Open category. (See WEIGHT CATEGORIES) France, Great Britain, and Holland dominated the first five European Championships. For Britain such men as PALMER, Young, Mack, and GLEESON were the leading fighters. Holland produced the great Anton GEESINK for the championships in 1951 .He made the finest competition career of any non-Japanese JUDO fighter.
EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIPS (For Women)
The first official European Championship took place in Munich. It was a completely separate venue and date from the men. This went on from 1975 until 1987 in Paris when the Men’s and Women’s European championships were combined. Chris Child, fighting int he over 72 kg weight group, was the only British player to win a gold medal. Kathy Nichol (under 61 kg),
Geraldine Harmon (under 72 kg), Ellen Cobb and Margaret McKenna won bronze medals.
EUROPEAN JUDO UNION (EJU)
The EJU is comprised of 50 national JUDO federations (associations, and is itself recognized by the INTERNATIONAL JUDO FEDERATION (IJF) as one of five continental unions (African Judo Union, Panamerican Judo Confederation, Judo Union of Asia, Oceania Judo Union). The organization of theadministration of JUDO is based on a pyramid system of regulations, with the IJF the world governing body, the EJU the European governing body and national JUDO associations the governing bodies at domestic level.
The EJU was founded in 1948 at the Imperial College Union, Prince Consort Road, London, by a dedicated group of JUDO enthusiasts led by Gunji KOIZUMI, Trevor LEGGETT, John Barnes, Dr. Feldenkrais, and F. Kaurert, representing Britain. The first President of EJU was John Barnes from UK. Next President was Aldo Tordi (Italy). The EJU was re-established in 1952. The first postwar EUROPEN CHAMPIONSHIPS were held in Paris, in December 1951.
Main Events of EJU:
European JUDO Championships Senior
European JUDO Championships Junior
European JUDO Championships Veterans
European JUDO Championships Team
European JUDO Championships Open
European JUDO Championships U23
European JUDO Championships Kata
European Club Cup
Secretariat of the European Judo Union. (1976). 40 Years: European Judo Union (pamphlet)