CH’EN, YUAN PIN (1587-1672)
Chinese martial artist and pottery master. According to lengend, in 1938, during the Tokugawa period, a Chinese pottery master named Yuan-pin Ch’en arrived from China to serve as a ceramics instructor for the daimyo of Owari, Japan. Among his other dutie, Ch’en instructed ronin in the art of seizing a man without the use of weapons. Some sources credit Ch’en with the introduction of ch’uan-fa and jujutsu to Japan, a theory that is disputed on the grounds that a weaponless technique called yawara was in existence long before Ch’en came to Japan. Ch’en probably introduced the Okinawan sai, later adopted and modified by the Japanese police into the jitte. Ch’en is also referred to as Chin Gempin, Chen Yuan Ping, Ch’en Yuan Pin, and Ching-Ping.
(physical) strenght, power, force
Straight thrust (self defense technique in GOSHIN JUTSU KATA /see KATAS/)
A posture in which one is half-sitting
It is awarded to any contestand who has commited a serious infringement. When a Chui is given, the referee may ask the opinion of the judges, a HANTEI. Two Chui bring about disqualification (HANSOKUMAKE).
COURTINE, HENRY (1930- ) Non Kodokan 10th Dan (FFDJA 10th Dan; 2007)
French JUDO champion. He is three times individual European champion (1952, 1958 /+80kg/, 1959 /4th Dan/ and four times with the French team (1952, 1954, 1955, and 1956.
At the 1956 WORLD JUDO CHAMPIONSHIP in Tokyo he received a bronze medal. At the INTERNATIONAL JUDO FEDERATION he served as sports director from 1979 to 1987. From 1982 to 1986 he was the Director of the French National Sporting and Olympic Committee (CNOSF).